Section 22-1  Patterns  (Page 2)

22-1.3.4  Five- or more-sided figures (pentagon, hexagon, octagon, etc.) - Figures with equal sides/angles. Pentagon: 5-sided figure. Hexagon: 6-sided. Octagon: 8-sided.


22-1.3.5  Quilt-like designs - Patterns resembling pieced quilts, usually combining multiple geometric and /or curvilinear motifs.

22-1.4 Interlaced Designs (including weaves and stylized knots). Design made of straight or curved intertwining strand(s).  Basketweave/lattice depict over-and-under weaving.  Knots may be made from single or multiple strands and knot motifs must be 2-dimensional, not actual knots.  Monograms are verbal and belong in Symbols.  Weaves:  Design imitating any kind of weave. Actual woven fabric /material may be used.  Stylized knots: Two-dimensional designs inspired by actual knots; included stylized and interlaced examples such as Celtic knots.  Real knots of leather, extruded celluloid, etc. are not appropriate here.

22-1.5  Linear designs (includes stylized arrowhead, chevron, straight line, zigzag) - Designs based on straight lines. Includes listed examples and subclasses. Stylized arrowhead: motif resembles an arrowhead, sometimes with a "shaft."  Chevron: A V-shaped motif.  Straight lines:  parallel multiple lines/bands. Sets of parallel lines may cross each other.   Zigzag: a line/band making short sharp turns in alternating directions.

Stylized Arrowheads
Straight Lines

22-1.5.1  Cross - Design based on 2 crossed lines intersecting at right angles. Lines and line endings may be embellished in various ways. Some crosses, such as the swastika (fylfot), are crossovers as Symbols. Identification (as to type or origin) is not relevant in Patterns, but is required in Symbols. Modification of the basic form (e.g., non-right angle crosses or crosses with more than one crossbar) are not allowed unless specified in the award.

22-1.5.2  Greek key (fret) - Typically, a straight line/band turning at right angles to form a maze-like motif. When repeated, a running border (meander) is created. Many variations of this form exist including versions with curved lines and slightly modified angles.

22-1.6  Radial designs - Symmetrical designs radiating outward from a center.

22-1.6.1  Multi-armed (Includes pinwheel, snowflake, solar design, spoked, swastika, triskelion, tetraskelion, etc.) - Designs with 3 or more extensions emanating symmetrically from a center. May be curved, straight, angled or branched (as in snowflake).  Pinwheel: figures having repetitious shapes or curved lines that appear to be rotating around the center of the design. Snowflake: six-armed delicate design resembling snow crystals. May be stylized to include curved lines.  Solar: a figure with 5 or more straight-sided rays becoming wider as they progress further from the center of the design.  Spoked: a figure with five or more straight lines/bands of equal width. Spokes may be enclosed by a border.  Swastika (fylfot): cross design with all arms turned in the same direction at right angles. Crossover with Tetraskelion.  Triskelion, Tetraskelion: figures having repetitious angled, curved or recurved lines ("arms") that appear to be rotating around the center of the design. Triskelion: 3 "arms," Tetraskelion: 4"arms," etc. Some are pinwheel crossovers.

Snow Flake

22-1.6.2  Multi-lobed (foils) - Closed figures made of 3 or more symmetrical, equal sized arcs/lobes. (Trefoil: 3 foils. Quatrefoil: 4 foils, Cinquefoil:  5 foils, Hexafoil: 6 foils, Octafoil: 8 foils.) Connecting points may be interrupted. Slightly pointed foils acceptable unless excluded by award.

22-1.6.3  Star - Figures with 4 or more symmetrically projecting points. Interrupted and interlaced forms are allowed (e.g. 2 triangles interlaced forming a 6-pt. star). Lines are straight and points sharp unless precision is diminished by material or construction method. Modified stars allowed only if award specifies and describes modifications (such as curved lines, rounded or asymmetrical points, etc.) Stellar variant - A star with more than 12 points.

22-1.6.4  Tetrad - Design made of 4 identical parts radiating from a central point. 22-1.3.2  Three sided figure (triangle) - A 3-sided figure with straight sides. Angles need not be equal.

22-1.6.5  Triad - Design made of 3 identical parts radiating from a central point.


22-1.7  Turned Designs (turn-again, turn-around, turn-over - - including yin yang) - Entire surface design, including borders, must conform to the turn's requirements. Turn-again: mirror images occur on either side of a vertical axis and also above and below a horizontal axis. The 2 sets of mirror images cannot be identical. Turn-around: A design that, when rotated 180 degrees, appears exactly as it was before rotation, like a yin-yang. A turn-around cannot have a mirror image. Turn-over: design on one side of a centerline (axis) exactly mirrors the other side.