Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved.

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How to engage the slide show:

click on the first image on the left of the gallery below, then select the arrow at the bottom left of the enlarged image. Or you can manually go to the next slide by hovering your cursor on the middle right side then clicking the arrow that appears. Hover your cursor on the middle left side  then click the arrow that appears to go backwards. Close the slide show or manual show by clicking the X button on the lower right of the image. (The image of each button is followed by an image of that button's back or reverse side.)

Acknowledgments, References and information for this category are at the bottom of this page.

Button Country

An Educational Resource for Button Collectors - originally created by Paul Rice

Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved.                                                  Website redesigned and Maintained by Deborah Hanson

Section 11 : Shell

* To download and print pdfs of the shell worksheet click these links: page 1 , page 2 , page 3.

Some descriptions of these buttons may be cut off.  Full descriptions can be seen in the slide show mode.

11-1 Iridescent Shell - Abalone (1-5/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Abalone (1-5/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Ocean Oyster  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Ocean Oyster (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Smoky Pearl Oyster  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Smoky Pearl Oyster (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell -  Trochus  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Trochus (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Green Snail
Turbo  (1-1/4")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Green Snail
Turbo (1-1/4")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Fresh Water Mussel  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Fresh Water Mussel (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Nautilus  (1-1/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Nautilus (1-1/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Colonial (not 18th Century)  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Colonial (not 18th Century) (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Oyster Shaded  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Oyster Shaded (1")
11-1.1 Bethlehem Pearl  (1-5/8")
11-1.1 Bethlehem Pearl (1-5/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Helmut  (1-1/16")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Helmut (1-1/16")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Operculum
Cat's Eye  (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Operculum
Cat's Eye (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
 Div I  (5/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
Div I (5/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
Studio  (1-3/4")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
Studio (1-3/4")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Conch
Cameo  (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Conch
Cameo (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry
Engraved  (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry
Engraved (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry  (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Tiger Cowry - OME  (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Tiger Cowry - OME (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Olive  (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Olive (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - African Turbo  (1-7/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - African Turbo (1-7/8")
11-3 Back Types - 3 Hole  (1/2")
11-3 Back Types - 3 Hole (1/2")
11-3 Back Types - 4 Hole  (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 4 Hole (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 6 Hole  (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 6 Hole (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 18th c. Gathered fabric Back with spider (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - 18th c. Gathered fabric Back with spider (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Box Shank (1-1/8")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Box Shank (1-1/8")
11-3 Back Types - Self Shank - Shape
(5/8")
11-3 Back Types - Self Shank - Shape
(5/8")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Loop Shank/OME  (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Loop Shank/OME (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Solder Shank  (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - Solder Shank (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - Whistle  (1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Whistle (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Blue  (3/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Blue (3/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Green  (5/8")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Green (5/8")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Red  (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Red (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Yellow  (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Yellow (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Magenta  (11/16")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Magenta (11/16")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Wax Resist  (1-1/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Wax Resist (1-1/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed  (1-1/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed (1-1/4")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded  (7/8")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded (7/8")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded  (1")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded (1")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Silver Leaf  (1-3/8")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Silver Leaf (1-3/8")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted  (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted  (11/16")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted (11/16")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted - Studio  (1-1/2")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted - Studio (1-1/2")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted  (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted  (1")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted (1")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal  Litho (1-3/8")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal Litho (1-3/8")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal  - (11/16")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal - (11/16")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal  - (5/8")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal - (5/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Fabric (9/16")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Fabric (9/16")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Black Glass (1-5/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Black Glass (1-5/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Brass (7/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Brass (7/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - White Metal - Paint  (9/16")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - White Metal - Paint (9/16")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inlay Pearl
(1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inlay Pearl
(1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inset Pearl (1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inset Pearl (1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset Aluminum (1-1/4")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset Aluminum (1-1/4")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Laminate
Shape  (1")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Laminate
Shape (1")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Veneer
(1-3/16")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Veneer
(1-3/16")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay  (5/8")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay (5/8")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay Carved (1-1/4")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay Carved (1-1/4")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Steel Cup  (9/16")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Steel Cup (9/16")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-5/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-5/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-3/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-3/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal  (1-1/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-1/8")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Ivoroid on Shell background (7/16")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Ivoroid on Shell background (7/16")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background  (5/8")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background (5/8")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background  (1-7/16")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background (1-7/16")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Enamel Plaquette (9/16")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Enamel Plaquette (9/16")
11-7 OME - Faceted cut-steel & yellow metal (3/4")
11-7 OME - Faceted cut-steel & yellow metal (3/4")
11-7 OME - Lithograph Frame (1-5/8")
11-7 OME - Lithograph Frame (1-5/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Composition (7/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Composition (7/8")
11-7 OME - Porcelain Liverpool Transfer (1-1/8")
11-7 OME - Porcelain Liverpool Transfer (1-1/8")
11-7 OME - Fabric, Pad Back  (1-1/8")
11-7 OME - Fabric, Pad Back (1-1/8")
11-7 OME - Horn/Pin-shank  (3/4")
11-7 OME - Horn/Pin-shank (3/4")
11-7 OME - Painted White Metal  (1-1/8")
11-7 OME - Painted White Metal (1-1/8")
11-7.1 OME - Clear and Colored Glass  (1")
11-7.1 OME - Clear and Colored Glass (1")
11-7.1 OME - Clear and Colored Glass -  Goldstone  (3/4")
11-7.1 OME - Clear and Colored Glass - Goldstone (3/4")
11-7.1 OME - Black Glass (3/4")
11-7.1 OME - Black Glass (3/4")
11-7.1 OME - Pastes - 18th Century  (1-1/2")
11-7.1 OME - Pastes - 18th Century (1-1/2")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments  (OME) - Paste (1")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Paste (1")
11-7.1 OME - Rhinestones/Pastes (1-3/8")
11-7.1 OME - Rhinestones/Pastes (1-3/8")
11-7.1 OME - Rhinestones/Pastes (also brass) (3/4")
11-7.1 OME - Rhinestones/Pastes (also brass) (3/4")
11-7.1 OME - Rhinestones/Pastes - Shape  (7/8")
11-7.1 OME - Rhinestones/Pastes - Shape (7/8")
11-7.2 OME - Metal - Brass and Steel  (5/8")
11-7.2 OME - Metal - Brass and Steel (5/8")
11-7.2 OME - Steel Mirrors with Pewter center (7/8")
11-7.2 OME - Steel Mirrors with Pewter center (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass  (1-1/4")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass (1-1/4")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Silver  (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Silver (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Pewter  (9/16")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Pewter (9/16")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Copper  (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Copper (7/8")
11-7.2.1 OME - Metal - Cut Steels - Carved  (1-3/4")
11-7.2.1 OME - Metal - Cut Steels - Carved (1-3/4")
11-7.2.1 OME - Metal - Cut Steels -Engraved, Openwork (3/4")
11-7.2.1 OME - Metal - Cut Steels -Engraved, Openwork (3/4")
11-7.2.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Escutcheon  (1")
11-7.2.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Escutcheon (1")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.4 OME - Yellow Metal with Rim (15/16")
11-7.2.4 OME - Yellow Metal with Rim (15/16")
11-7.2.4 OME - Metal - Brass - Moveable Door Knocker- BM (1/2")
11-7.2.4 OME - Metal - Brass - Moveable Door Knocker- BM (1/2")
11-7.2.4 OME - Yellow Metal - Brass (7/8")
11-7.2.4 OME - Yellow Metal - Brass (7/8")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Yellow Metal  (3/4")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Yellow Metal (3/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Square shape (13/16")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Square shape (13/16")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Modified Oval shape (3/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Modified Oval shape (3/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic
 shape - Div I  (1-1/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic
shape - Div I (1-1/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic shape, Modern  (7/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic shape, Modern (7/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Cameo Carved (1")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Cameo Carved (1")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Reverse Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Reverse Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - gold paint (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - gold paint (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved (1-1/8")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved (1-1/8")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - 18th Century (1-7/16")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - 18th Century (1-7/16")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - Laser Engraved Studio  (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - Laser Engraved Studio (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Scrimshaw (1-1/4")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Scrimshaw (1-1/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (1-1/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (1-1/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (3/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (3/4")

Acknowledgments: Special thanks to Pat Koehle, Louella Yeargain, Barbara Barrans and Pat Fields for collaborating in the update of this section including their contribution of a number of the button images shown as examples. A special thanks to Joan Lindsay & Joy Journeay for their expert editing skills!


References:

(1) National Button Society Blue Book - Official NBS Classification and Competition Guidelines

(2)  Pearl and Shell Buttons - Margaret Kelso/Shirley Case, National Button Society - 2003

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* Shell Buttons Worksheet in Excel