Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved.

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How to engage the slide show: click on the first image on the left of the gallery below, then select the arrow at

the bottom left of the enlarged image. Or you can manually go to the next slide by hovering your cursor on the middle right side then clicking the arrow that appears.

Hover your cursor on the middle left side  then click the arrow that appears to go backwards. Close the slide show or manual show by clicking the X button on the

lower right of the image. (The image of each button is followed by an image of that button's back or reverse side.)

Button Country

An Educational Resource for Button Collectors - originally created by Paul Rice

Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved.                                                  Website redesigned and Maintained by Deborah Hanson

11-1 Iridescent Shell - Abalone (1-5/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Abalone (1-5/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Ocean Oyster  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Ocean Oyster (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Smoky Pearl Oyster  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Smoky Pearl Oyster (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell -  Trochus  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Trochus (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Green Snail
Turbo  (1-1/4")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Green Snail
Turbo (1-1/4")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Fresh Water Mussel  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Fresh Water Mussel (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Nautilus  (1-1/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Nautilus (1-1/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Colonial
(not 18th Century)  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Colonial
(not 18th Century) (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Oyster Shaded  (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Oyster Shaded (1")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Bethlehem Pearl  (1-5/8")
11-1 Iridescent Shell - Bethlehem Pearl (1-5/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Helmut  (1-1/16")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Helmut (1-1/16")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Operculum
Cat's Eye  (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Operculum
Cat's Eye (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
 Div I  (5/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
Div I (5/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
Studio  (1-3/4")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Pinna
Studio (1-3/4")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Conch
Cameo  (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Conch
Cameo (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry
Engraved  (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry
Engraved (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry  (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Cowry (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Tiger Cowry - OME  (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Tiger Cowry - OME (1-1/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Olive  (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - Olive (1")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - African Turbo  (1-7/8")
11-2 Non-Iridescent Shell - African Turbo (1-7/8")
11-3 Back Types - 3 Hole  (1/2")
11-3 Back Types - 3 Hole (1/2")
11-3 Back Types - 4 Hole  (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 4 Hole (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 6 Hole  (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - 6 Hole (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - Pad Back
18th Century (with spider)  (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Pad Back
18th Century (with spider) (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Box Shank (1-1/8")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Box Shank (1-1/8")
11-3 Back Types - Self Shank - Shape
(5/8")
11-3 Back Types - Self Shank - Shape
(5/8")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Loop Shank/OME  (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Swaged Metal Loop Shank/OME (1-1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Solder Shank  (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - Solder Shank (3/4")
11-3 Back Types - Whistle  (1/2")
11-3 Back Types - Whistle (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Blue  (3/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Blue (3/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Green  (5/8")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Green (5/8")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Red  (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Red (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Yellow  (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Yellow (1/2")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Magenta  (11/16")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Magenta (11/16")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Wax Resist  (1-1/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed - Wax Resist (1-1/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed  (1-1/4")
11-4.1 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Dyed (1-1/4")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded  (7/8")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded (7/8")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded  (1")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Gilded (1")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Silver Leaf  (1-3/8")
11-4.2 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Silver Leaf (1-3/8")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted  (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted  (11/16")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted (11/16")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted - Studio  (1-1/2")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Painted - Studio (1-1/2")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted  (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted (3/4")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted  (1")
11-4.3 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Encrusted (1")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal  Litho (1-3/8")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal Litho (1-3/8")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal  - (11/16")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal - (11/16")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal  - (5/8")
11-4.4 Decorative Finishes (DF) - Transfer/Decal - (5/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Fabric (9/16")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Fabric (9/16")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Black Glass (1-5/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Black Glass (1-5/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Brass (7/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - Brass (7/8")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - White Metal - Paint  (9/16")
11-5.1 Mechanical Make-up - Frame - White Metal - Paint (9/16")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inlay Pearl
(1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inlay Pearl
(1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inset Pearl (1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inset Pearl (1-1/8")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inset Aluminum (1-1/4")
11-5.2 Mechanical Make-up - Inlay/Inset - Inset Aluminum (1-1/4")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Laminate
Shape  (1")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Laminate
Shape (1")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Veneer
(1-3/16")
11-5.3 Mechanical Make-up - Veneer
(1-3/16")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay  (5/8")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay (5/8")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay Carved (1-1/4")
11-5.4 Mechanical Make-up - Overlay Carved (1-1/4")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Steel Cup  (9/16")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Steel Cup (9/16")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-5/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-5/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-3/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-3/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal  (1-1/8")
11-6 Mounted in/on Metal - Mounted on Metal (1-1/8")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background  with Ivoroid  escutcheon (7/16")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background with Ivoroid escutcheon (7/16")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background  (5/8")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background (5/8")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background  (1-7/16")
11-6.1 Mounted in/on Metal - Pearl Background (1-7/16")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Enamel Plaquette (9/16")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Enamel Plaquette (9/16")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Faceted cut-steel & yellow metal (3/4")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Faceted cut-steel & yellow metal (3/4")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Lithograph Frame (1-5/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Lithograph Frame (1-5/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Composition (7/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Composition (7/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Porcelain Liverpool Transfer (1-1/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Porcelain Liverpool Transfer (1-1/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Fabric, Pad Back  (1-1/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Fabric, Pad Back (1-1/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Horn/Pin-shank  (3/4")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Horn/Pin-shank (3/4")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Painted White Metal  (1-1/8")
11-7 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Painted White Metal (1-1/8")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Clear and Colored Glass  (1")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Clear and Colored Glass (1")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Clear and Colored Glass -  Goldstone  (3/4")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Clear and Colored Glass - Goldstone (3/4")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Black Glass (3/4")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Black Glass (3/4")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Pastes - 18th Century  (1-1/2")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Pastes - 18th Century (1-1/2")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Paste (1")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Paste (1")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Rhinestones/Pastes (1-3/8")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Rhinestones/Pastes (1-3/8")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Rhinestones/Pastes (also brass) (3/4")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Rhinestones/Pastes (also brass) (3/4")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Rhinestones/Pastes - Shape  (7/8")
11-7.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Rhinestones/Pastes - Shape (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass and Steel  (5/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass and Steel (5/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Steel Mirrors  (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Steel Mirrors (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass  (1-1/4")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass (1-1/4")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Silver  (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Silver (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Pewter  (9/16")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Pewter (9/16")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Copper  (7/8")
11-7.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Copper (7/8")
11-7.2.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Cut Steels - Carved  (1-3/4")
11-7.2.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Cut Steels - Carved (1-3/4")
11-7.2.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Cut Steels - Engraved/Openwork  (3/4")
11-7.2.1 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Cut Steels - Engraved/Openwork (3/4")
11-7.2.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Escutcheon  (1")
11-7.2.2 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Escutcheon (1")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.3 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - "Watch Wheel" (1/2")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Metal Rim  (15/16")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Metal Rim (15/16")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass - Moveable Door Knocker- BM  (1/2")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Metal - Brass - Moveable Door Knocker- BM (1/2")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Yellow Metal - Brass  (7/8")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Yellow Metal - Brass (7/8")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Yellow Metal - Copper  (3/4")
11-7.2.4 Other Material Embellishments (OME) - Yellow Metal - Copper (3/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Square shape (13/16")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Square shape (13/16")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Modified Oval shape (3/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Modified Oval shape (3/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic
 shape - Div I  (1-1/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic
shape - Div I (1-1/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic shape, Modern  (7/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Realistic shape, Modern (7/8")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Cameo Carved (1")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Cameo Carved (1")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Reverse Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.1 Working Methods - Carved - Reverse Carved (1-1/4")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - gold paint (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - gold paint (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved (1-1/8")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved (1-1/8")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - 18th Century (1-7/16")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - 18th Century (1-7/16")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - Laser Engraved Studio  (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Engraved - Laser Engraved Studio (1")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Scrimshaw
(1-1/4")
11-8.2 Working Methods - Scrimshaw
(1-1/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (1-1/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (1-1/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (3/4")
11-8.3 Working Methods - Pierced (3/4")

Section 11 : Shell

Acknowledgments: Special thanks to Pat Koehle, Louella Yeargain, Barbara Barrans and Pat Fields for collaborating in the update of this section including their contribution of a number of the button images shown as examples. A special thanks to Joan Lindsay & Joy Journeay for their expert editing skills!


References:

(1) National Button Society Blue Book - Official NBS Classification and Competition Guidelines

(2)  Pearl and Shell Buttons - Margaret Kelso/Shirley Case, National Button Society - 2003


* To download and print pdfs of the shell worksheet click this link: page 1 , page 2 , page 3

Back to Button Materials

* Shell Buttons Worksheet in Excel